About Prison Reform And Its Purpose

Prison Reform

Whoever commit criminal acts is meant to receive punishment. According to the law, prisons are the place all those who committed criminal acts are being placed. They are isolated from social community to pay for their crimes as well as not to endanger other people. This way, civilians will feel safer as well. Prison now is the most common punishment in every country. In the past though, there were various kinds of punishments for criminal acts or even just playing kiu kiu online There were banishment, penal bondage, corporal punishment, as well as public humiliation. There was also capital punishment.

The beginning of prison

It is about in 1750 that people started using prison as a form of punishment for those who had committed crimes. It was originally designed for criminal to self-reflect by participating in religious self-reflection. It was seen as a form of penance. At that time, the prisons contained debtors and felons. Debtors were allowed to bring their families such as children or wives into the prisons. Those were in charge of the jail or the jailers earned money by charging the inmates for legal services as well as foods and drinks. However, the system was not a good solution apparently because it was rife with corruption.

Prison Reform
Prison Reform.  Sheriff checking prison cells

Then, there was a prison reform in the 16th Century. It was not called prison but more like house of correction. It was designed for children and women. The system was improved because medical services were provided there. And that was the first and the only one for prison to have that kind of service for its inmates.

From 18th to 19th Century, there have been various reformation of how punishment applied. For example, British justice used various types of punishment such as the pillory, fines, or whipping. Joh Howard was known as the most notable reformer. He visited prisons across England and Europe since he was ranked as High Sheriff of Bedfordshire. At that time, he found out that there were prisoners who were supposed to be out already because he had finish his time of punishment in the prison. However, they were still imprisoned because they couldn’t pay the jailers fees. At that time, he also propose to separate prisoners in different sections such as for men felons, women felons, debtors, and young offenders. Through the acts of John Howard was born the prison reform charity called Howard League for Penal Reform.

Prison Reform

Even though there was prison reform, didn’t mean everything went smoothly. There was many disagreements from various parties. It was not until 1815 that jail fees were completely abolished. The reform kept coming from other reformers to make a better kind of punishments which were more suitable with the act of the crimes themselves. For example, the death penalty was succeeded to be repealed for theft in 1806 by Samuel Romilly. The reform kept developing and various punishments were designed as a mean of discipline.

Prison Reform
Prison Reform. Learning time

In the past, punishment has philosophy of tooth for a tooth or eye for an eye. That being said, an equivalent harm should be done to the person who harmed another. The purpose of this type of punishment was to prevent vigilantism as well as to prevent other actions from the people whether families, gang or group who were unsatisfied if the punishment was uneven. However, this type of equivalent punishment was not easy to apply because determining how to equate different types of harm itself was difficult. As for now, being placed in a prison for committing crimes has other purposes such as to self-reflect, educate and reform the individual so they can return as productive members of society.

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