The central issue to be stressed in prison reform promotion is human rights. They have been developed in the UN standards and norms. However, human right arguments are most likely to be insufficient when it comes to prison reform programmers. This happens a lot in countries with scarce financial and human resources. Most often than not, imprisonment in those countries bring detrimental impacts to the individuals. In fact, the families and communities are also impacted as well. One of the most important factors that need to be taken into account is economic factor. It is essential when it comes to prison reforms.
Here are main reasons of prison reforms:
In consideration of human rights, sentence imprisonment is not supposed to restrict of other human rights. It is supposed to be a deprivation of the basic right to liberty only. In this case, prison reform is important to ensure that the principle of human rights is respected. Prisoners still have human rights that need to be protected. They have prospect for social reintegration and rights to play poker uang asli at http://18.104.22.168.
Prison reform needs to be promoted because imprisonment often bring another problem such as poverty. This often happen in developing countries with lack of financial resources. When there is imprisonment disproportionality, it affects individuals along with their families. It forces them to live in poverty. When a member of family who generates income is imprisoned, the loss of income is inevitable.
The one who suffer them most is the families of the individual who is imprisoned. Financial loss is what the families suffer. In addition, the individual who is released often has no prospects of employment. They are often subjected to socio-economic exclusion. As the result, they become the weakest chain in the society.
Prison reform is also necessary because there is issue of public health consequences of imprisonment that needs to be stressed. In developing countries, most prisoners are likely to have existing health problems even before they enter the prisons. Lack of financial support make them suffer from medical aid deprivation. When they are imprisoned, their health is most likely to get worse. Why?
Prisons are most likely to be a place with over crowd, poor nutrition, inadequate sanitation, and very limited access to fresh air. To make it worse, exercise is often unavailable in prison. There are various causes of mortality and morbidity in prison include tuberculosis, HIV infection, sexually transmitted diseases, and many more. With this fact, even the prison staffs are at risk of catching diseases.